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English theoretical physicist and cosmologist Stephan Hawkins aged, 76, passes away on 14 March 2018, leaving a void in the science world. Hawking took his last breath in the early hours of Wednesday as stated by his family.
He was one of the brightest star in the scientific community, unraveling many hidden cosmic mysteries and inspiring millions to think beyond their limitations. Along with many scientific papers and notes, Stephen Hawkins also authored books that became bestsellers. His book “My Brief History” recounted Stephen Hawking’s improbable journey, from his post-war London boyhood to his years of international acclaim and celebrity. Published for the first time in 1988, it sold 10 millions copies and was translated into 40 different languages and took Hawkins to stardom.
Hawkins suffered from ALS (amyotrophic lateral sclerosis), a neurodegenerative disease commonly known as Lou Gehrig's disease, which is usually fatal within a few years but his indomitable spirit and love for life and science made him live and prosper. Due to this disease, he was wheel-chair bound and was completely dependent on others or on technology for virtually everything but his brain kept on working and thinking till his last breath.
Hawkins proposal that black holes radiate heat stirred up one of the most passionate debates in modern cosmology. Hawking argued that if a black hole could evaporate into a bath of radiation, all the information that fell inside over its lifetime would be lost forever. It contradicted one of the most basic laws of quantum mechanics, and plenty of physicists disagreed. Hawking has made major contributions to the field of general relativity whose interpretations were made from a deep understanding of what was relevant to physics and astronomy, and especially from a mastery of wholly new mathematical technique.
Hawking was married twice. With his first wife, Jane Wilde, he exchanged wedding vows when he was still a grad student and remained together for 30 years before divorcing in 1995. Hawking was later married for 11 years to Elaine Mason, one of his former nurses. Hawking leaves behind three children - Lucy, Robert and Tim and three grandchildren.
He always exhibited positivity and radiance to its zenith and hence His life was dramatized in the 2014 movie, "The Theory of Everything".
Hawking received numerous awards and honors for his outstanding contributions. The list includes- Fellow of the Royal Society (FRS) 1974, BBVA Foundation Frontiers of Knowledge Award in Basic Sciences 2015, for discovering that the galaxies were formed from quantum fluctuations in the early Universe. Hawking received the lifetime achievement award for his contribution to science and British Culture in 2016 from Prime Minister Theresa May.
Fellow scientists along with his admirers and followers are tweeting condolences and remembrances.
Full Name: Stephen William Hawking
Birth Date: 8 Jan, 1942
Date of Death: 14 Mar, 2018
Spouse: Jane Wilde (1965 - 1995), Elaine Mason (1995 - 2006)
Children: Lucy, Robert and Tim
Education: St Albans School, Hertfordshire, University College, Oxford (BA), Trinity Hall, Cambridge (MA, PhD)
Fields: General Relativity, Quantum Gravity
Institutions: Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge, California Institute of Technology, Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics
Thesis Work: Properties of Expanding Universes
Awards: Adams Prize, Eddington Medal, Maxwell Medal and Prize, Heineman Prize, Hughes Medal, Albert Einstein Award, RAS Gold Medal, Dirac Medal, Wolf Prize, Prince of Asturias Award, Andrew Gemant Award, Naylor Prize and Lectureship, Lilienfeld Prize, Albert Medal (Royal Society of Arts), Copley Medal, Presidential Medal of Freedom, Fundamental Physics Prize, BBVA Foundation Frontiers of Knowledge Award
Renowned Works: Hawking radiation, Penrose–Hawking theorems, Bekenstein–Hawking formula, Hawking energy, Gibbons–Hawking ansatz, Gibbons–Hawking effect, Gibbons–Hawking space, Gibbons–Hawking–York boundary term, Thorne–Hawking–Preskill bet
Disease: ALS (amyotrophic lateral sclerosis), a neurodegenerative disease commonly
known as Lou Gehrig's disease
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